For most players, it should not. Three-quarter-size guitars are exactly the same as full-sized instruments, except obviously a little smaller. Everything you learn on a smaller instrument will translate directly. If you are new to guitar, there is nothing wrong with learning on a 3/4-size instrument. It won’t hurt your development, and you can make the switch to a full-size guitar if and when you want to. You will probably notice a very short adjustment period when you switch between a smaller guitar and a full-size guitar, but that is true for any level of guitarist.
However, if you are a beginner and you are frequently trying to switch between different guitar sizes this might be an issue. If you are getting confused when you try to switch between one and the other on a regular basis, you’d be smart to stick with one until you learn the ropes. For some players, this may be a problem, while others may have no issue with it. Trust your own judgment here.