How Your Tongue Helps Your Singing Voice
Don't Like The Way You Sound When You Sing? Check Your Tongue
Most of us pay little attention to our tongue, (unless we bite it), except for brushing it now and then, or to taste a bite of food - ( sweet, sour, bitter and salty.) However, for singers, the tongue plays a major role in producing a consistent, well focused tone. Therefore, complete attention must be given to the tongue.
When we begin to understand the function of the tongue as it relates to both singing and speaking, we have better control over this muscle and therefore our singing.. Actually the tongue is not one muscle as you might think - it consists of eight muscles. For those singers who are looking for a better singing sound, I recommend you look first to the tongue.
The Human Tongue
Tension - The Biggest Enemy To The Singer
One of the main goals of the singer is to sing legato ( smooth and connected.) If there is tension in the tongue, there will be tension in the tone (production of sound). This is the biggest reason for wanting to relieve tension.
Another reason for releasing tongue tension is to allow the tone to flow freely. If the tongue is in the wrong position it actually blocks the tone causing the sound to be swallowed. When that occurs, you can actually hear the tension coming from the back of the throat. Hence, all tension must be dealt with through specific exercises which I will share with you.
Depending on the singer or speaker and the amount of tension being carried, the following exercises must be included in your warm-up session before you start singing.
Shoulder, neck relaxation exercise
Say Goodbye to Tension in 5 Minutes
I'm a real tough cookie with my vocal and acting students. Absolutely not one note is allowed to be sung or one script or monologue read until all tension is addressed. What good is it to have perfect breath control, diction, a great range, controlled vibrato and a beautiful tone if its' only going to be killed by Mr. Tension?
While I have little or no control with what artists do at home, I can certainly instill the habit of stress-reduction exercises in my studio. And I do!
This is a good 5-10 minute tension - relief group of exercises I highly recommend:
- First, locate the tense areas in the back of the neck and give yourself a brief self-massage ( or better yet get a hand from someone else.) Make sure to include the base of the skull.
- Sitting or standing - Squeeze the shoulders tightly as you raise them up toward the head...hold for the count of 5 then let then drop and relax. Repeat several times.
- Do a couple of neck rolls, slowly, to the left, then to the right. If you experience dizziness, you are going too fast.
- Laying down on the floor, or a firm surface like a mattress or sofa, bend the knees so the feet are flat on the floor. Arms are resting on the floor with palms up. Close your eyes and take several deep breathes from the diaphragmatic area. Inhale deeply and quickly, filling the lungs and belly with air - exhale very very slow using a hissing sound like a flat tire.
- Drink a big glass of room temperature water (ice or cold will restrict the vocal cords.)
Now we will move on to tension release exercises for the jaw, face and tongue. These three areas absolutely must be void of any tension.
Gymnastics For The Lips, Tongue and Jaw
The following exercises only take 3-5 minutes and do a world of good. You may feel really silly doing these exercises and you may choose to go through them when no one else is around. But remember when you are at a live performance, backstage, these very exercises are most likely taking place as you take your seat in the audience section.
- The Lips - You have most likely giggled at the adorable baby making the sound of an airplane. You are now that adorable baby. Inhale to get a full breath and imitate that airplane by making the sound of " brrrrrrrrrrrr " using the lips. Make it last as long as possible. This is a magnificent warm up for the lips. The lips form the words.
- The Tongue - Take a deep breath and trill the tongue, holding the trill as long as you can. Repeat several times. Then trill from a low to a high sound, as if you were singing a scale. Try to hold the trill throughout the scale ascending and descending. The correct position for the tongue is to rest on the floor of the mouth with the tip touching the lower front teeth.
- The Jaw - With the lips slightly apart, simulate a gentle and subtle chewing motion. Next, with the lips closed, hum a few pitches while moving the jaw up and down in a gentle chewing motion. The key here is to be sure you use a very gentle and relaxed motion.
Years of bad habits, including bad posture may require more, but gentler exercise. Never force any of the above exercises. When singing, stay within a comfortable, easy range. Singing too high and/or too loud and aggressive will only cause more tension. You may even experience some vocal damage. Do not force your voice in any way.
If you, as an actor, are required to scream, only do so by using extra breath pressure (from the belly) and correct vocal placement. Otherwise, you risk vocal abuse and perhaps even long term damage such as vocal nodes (nodules).
Tension Oh Tension - Where Art Thou?
Why am I addressing tension to all you singers, speakers and actors?
We all have tension in our bodies. And it' a good thing we do, otherwise we would fall down each time we take a step. So, a certain amount of tension is needed. But we also carry tension in areas that interfere with and restrict the vocal tone.
If we scream too much, we can feel the effects of Mr.Tension in our throats. ( Never scream or yell if you are a singer or professional speaker or actor.) Each time we scream it's like scraping your vocal cords with the tips of your fingers, nails and all.
The area that carries the most tension is the neck, including the shoulders. The jaw and tongue areas are just as guilty and tension absolutely must be released for the singer to avoid vocal problems and sound their best..
We get so used to carrying tension in these areas, we are not even aware that tension exists. It isn't until we release all that tension that we realize how bad it really is.
One very good, natural way to reduce tension is to laugh. So I've taken the liberty of sharing with you some amusing quotes.
My Best Tongue Quotes
The tongue is, at the same time, the best part of man and his worst; with good government, none is more useful, and without it, none is more mischievous. ~ Anacharsis
Since I cannot govern my own tongue, though within my own teeth, how can I hope to govern the tongue of others? ~ Benjamin Franklin
- When we advance a little into life, we find that the tongue of man creates nearly all the mischief of the world. ~ Edwin Paxton Hood
- All parts of the human body get tired eventually - except the tongue. ~ Konrad Adenauer
- I hope my tongue in prune juice smothers, If I belittle dogs and mothers. ~ Ogden Nash
- In nine times out of ten, the slanderous tongue belongs to a disappointed person. ~ George Bancroft
- It is a sign that your reputation is small and sinking if your own tongue must praise you. ~ Matthew Hale
- Let a fool hold his tongue and he will pass for a sage. ~ Publilius Syrus
- Meditation is the tongue of the soul and the language of our spirit. ~ Jeremy Taylor
- Prayer requires more of the heart than of the tongue. ~ Adam Clarke
- The pen is the tongue of the mind. ~ Horace
- We have two ears and one tongue so that we would listen more and talk less. ~ Diogenes
The main take-away from today's lesson is this:
- If the tongue is not relaxed you are holding too much tension in it. This means there will be tension in your tone. Not a good sound.
- There are easy exercises provided for you here. Do them daily to relax your tongue. If you have trouble with trilling your tongue this indicates way too much tension. Keep practicing until trilling is easy. Put plenty of air behind the trill. Think of a planes' propeller. It need enough gas to get going.
- Even professional recording stars practice these same exercises continuously.
- Your entire body is your vocal instrument. It must be cared for and all tension in the face and neck-shoulder area need to be released before you sing.
Sing for yourself and have fun. Less tension occurs when we enjoy our singing. Give up being self-critical and judgemental. Your voice, like you, is one-of-a-kind and unique. Value that uniqueness.
Sing With Joy ~
Singing Is Your Birthright
© 2011 Audrey Hunt