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How to Prevent Vocal Strain for Singing and Speaking

Audrey Hunt, author of "Anyone Can Sing," gives us tips to prevent vocal strain when singing or speaking. The voice should last a lifetime..

"American Idol" finalist, Kristin McNamara, met with me regularly to develop good vocal technique and avoid vocal strain.

"American Idol" finalist, Kristin McNamara, met with me regularly to develop good vocal technique and avoid vocal strain.

Ten Leading Causes of Vocal Damage

We are born to sing without flaws or defects. Our body houses every tool needed to speak and sing. Various influences, such as habits we develop as we grow, cause us to create specific faults.

Most vocal strain is caused by misusing it. But don't worry, because I'm here to help you find your way to a healthy voice.

The best way to avoid straining your voice is through prevention. The main factors that cause vocal strain are:

  1. Yelling or screaming
  2. Singing or speaking without proper breath support
  3. Trying to sing too high or too low
  4. Forcing the voice
  5. Over-singing or speaking
  6. Failing to warm up the voice before speaking or singing
  7. Carrying too much tension in the neck and shoulder area (tension is the enemy to all performers, especially singers and public speakers)
  8. Vocalizing out of your natural range
  9. Smoking
  10. Coughing

The vocal strain causes the vocal cords to become inflamed and irritated. You may be at risk for developing vocal nodules or calluses that form on the vocal cords in time.

8 Ways to Eliminate Bad Vocal Behavior

You can still root for your favorite team by using good breathing techniques. The reason the air we take in is important is that as we sing or speak, our sound is supported by air. Without air, we would not be able to utter a word. Visualize the sound you make as it 'rides on air' which is a natural 'cushion' for singing and speaking.

Here are eight additional important habits for preventing vocal problems:

  1. Keep your throat well hydrated by drinking plenty of water. Make sure your water is room temperature as cold will restrict the vocal cords.
  2. Slow down on caffeine and alcohol consumption. Limit your servings to two servings per day. If you're going to be singing, avoid caffeine and alcohol completely the day of the performance. The vocal cords need moisture. Alcohol, caffeine, and antihistamines are drying to the vocal bands.
  3. If you're going to be a good singer, do not smoke. Smoking is irritating to the vocal cords.
  4. Warm up your voice before singing, acting, and public speaking to maximize your vocal potential.
  5. Release tension in the neck, shoulders, and face by doing relaxation exercises prior to singing.
  6. Sing songs within your vocal range. Trying to sing to high or too low is a major cause of vocal damage and strain.
  7. Do not force your voice to be heard or to reach a high note. Correct breath support will supply you with the energy needed to project your sound along with using the proper resonating chambers.
  8. Avoid clearing your throat. This can be damaging to the vocal cords. A better way to clear your throat is to simply swallow a few times.
Yelling or screaming causes hoarseness.  If done repeatedly, it can damage the voice and in time create vocal nodules on the vocal cords..

Yelling or screaming causes hoarseness. If done repeatedly, it can damage the voice and in time create vocal nodules on the vocal cords..

Avoid Yelling and Screaming

It's natural to yell or scream with excitement for your favorite sports team while attending a game. But too much screaming can change the quality of your voice as well as cause hoarseness. You may even end up losing your voice completely. Hoarseness means the voice sounds raspy or breathy, quieter, and lower-pitched.

Worse yet, If you misuse your voice, the vocal cords become so irritated that over time the irritated areas harden and become small callouses known as vocal nodes. You may end up making a trip to the Otolaryngologist for an examination of your vocal cords.

According to the National Institute of Health, close to eight million people have vocal problems. This includes teachers, lawyers, singers, actors: cheerleaders, preachers, radio hosts, and other professionals.

Use a Mirror to Check for Tension in Key Areas

Tension in the neck, jaw and even the tongue can sometimes cause vocal strain.

One of the best ways to make sure your body is doing what it's supposed to do when you sing is to watch yourself in the mirror. You can see exactly where you may be holding too much tension found in the neck and jaw.

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With tension in these areas, it can creep into the tone. The singer must be free of all tension throughout the entire song. With this freedom, the singing voice will flow with beauty and fullness.

No amount of "trying" to sing can compensate for developing good vocal technique.

Symptons of Vocal StrainCauseSolution

Sore throat or hoarseness

Yelling, overuse, singing too high

Avoid screaming, take vocal breaks, sing within your natural range

Tightness in the throat

Tension, insufficient breath

Release face and neck tension before singing or speaking. Breathe from the belly.

Dry throat

Smoking, caffeine, alcohol, antihistamines and medications

Increase water intake, avoid smoking, alcohole and certain medications

Vocal polyps

Any type of vocal strain including excessive speaking without proper breathing techniques

Learn and use diaphragmatic breathing for singing, acting and speaking.

Aching in the throat during or after vocalizing

Vocalizing too long.

The muscles of the throat and larynx can become tired and start to ache, especially for beginners. Limit your practice time to 20 minutes, 2-3 times a day.

Author, Audrey Hunt, preparing singers for recording sessions.

Author, Audrey Hunt, preparing singers for recording sessions.

Important Skills to Learn

I strongly urge you to work on becoming well-equipped with proper vocal techniques. This will set your voice free each time you sing or speak and help you to avoid straining in the first place.

Understand that we don't sing the same way we speak. Specific skills are required, such as:

  • Diaphragmatic breathing
  • Ear-training
  • Sight-singing
  • Music fundamentals
  • Interpretation
  • Diction
  • Posture
  • Resonance
  • Rhythm
  • Tone beautification

Don't let the word "technique" scare you. This is your insurance policy designed to protect your voice and guide you on the right path to beautiful singing and speaking.

Avoid Alcohol When Singing

Some performers think that drinking alcohol will help them relax and overcome the jitters associated with stage fright. I can think of two reasons why entertainers are better off without it:

  1. Alcohol impairs muscle coordination and reduces the physical efficiency of your vocal folds. Even losing just a slight amount of muscle coordination can cause you to compromise your pitch resulting in singing off-key.
  2. Alcohol irritates and dehydrates the vocal folds as well as the rest of the body. When this happens, the blood thins and comes to the surface, making you more susceptible to a hemorrhage on your vocal cords.

During my years as a professional singer, it has been the custom for happy fans to order alcoholic beverages for me as a way of saying "thank you." I don't drink alcohol at all. My solution was to alert the bartender to serve me only sparkling water. Making this choice resulted in my performing with a clear head which allowed me complete control over my singing voice.

Although we can look at our vocal cords through a laryngoscope and chart the various formants of acoustical sound, we cannot chart the effects of body, mind, and heart on the voice—and those things are as much a part of the instrument as are the vocal folds themselves. Because our entire person is our instrument, everything about us—our physical, emotional, intellectual, psychological, and spiritual state of being—affects the physical and acoustical aspects of singing.

— W Stephen Smith

The Human Voice is the most perfect instrument of all...”

— Arvo Pärt


Your voice will last a lifetime if used correctly. Remember to:

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Don't overuse your voice.
  • Rest your voice when you are ill or tired.
  • Both screaming and whispering may cause damage.
  • Don't smoke.
  • Refrain from talking too loudly or softly. Learn diaphragmatic breathing. Breathing from the throat puts a strain on the voice.
  • Vocal training exercises help the muscles of the larynx stay strong as we age.

If you think you have a vocal problem consult your doctor.

Most vocal-related problems can be avoided by taking care of your voice.

Giving a lesson to actor/singer George Rose.

Giving a lesson to actor/singer George Rose.

Good singing doesn't have an expiration date.

— Audrey Hunt

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Audrey Hunt


Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on December 10, 2019:

Umesh Chandra Bhatt

I'm happy to have your visit. Thanks for reading my article and for commenting. Sing with joy!

Umesh Chandra Bhatt from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India on December 04, 2019:

Useful and interesting. Thanks.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on November 28, 2019:


Breathing, by using the diaphragmatic muscle, is an important key for singing. Meditation and yoga encourage breathing from the belly as well. The air we take in acts as a cushion for the tone to ride on.

I sense a passion within you, your spirit, which connects to music and particularly singing. How beautiful this is!

Thank you for sharing your lovely comments. I value you and the support you bring me.

Happy moments, my friend.

manatita44 from london on November 22, 2019:

MI am a singer and a 'feeler.' I think it comes from the meditation, I feel inside and can follow the music rapidly. My voice is not bad but can do with some training. Not sure about the breathing, though. I could be better with help.

Still, I feel. That is my spiritual strength. I'm very receptive to devotional songs and it's easy to feel them inside and to sing out.

50 years is a long time and yes the fruits of one's labour is a beautiful thing, a satisfaction not quelled by money or status. Carry on, my dear. God speed!!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on November 17, 2019:


Thank you so much for reading my article. To know you found valuable points for avoiding vocal strain means so much. Take care, my friend, and keep singing!

Devika Primic on November 11, 2019:

A must read on this title How to Avoid Vocal Strain for Singing and Speaking. It has valuable points for singers.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on July 08, 2019:


How blessed I am to receive such comments from you. You are a talent within yourself! I often reflect on my good fortune which has led me to a life of service. My mother instilled in me the love of music. She was my number one fan and I wish her life could have lasted long enough to share my experiences with music.

Thank you, my friend.

Genna East from Massachusetts, USA on July 06, 2019:

What a wonderful career you have had, Audrey. To "witness a student who has lost all hope of ever singing, rise like a Phoenix from the ashes of doubt and fear to a confident, beautiful, vocal sound" is a testament to your talent. .And how marvelous that you were Kristen's vocal coach. Reading your articles is a privilege. Thank you for sharing with us.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 25, 2019:


Julie's vocal nodules were not caused by alcohol, but by over-use. I, too, love the opening scene of the Sound of Music. It is unforgettable!


I remember how much you love to sing. Wonderful! Very glad this article was helpful and thank you.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 25, 2019:


Thank you. Kristen was completely open to learning new vocal technique which served her well. So nice to see you.

Hi Flourish,

Generally speaking, your vocal range is the lowest note you can sing to the highest note you can sing. When you try to sing out of your normal range, you may experience a tightening or gripping, aching feeling in the throat.

Vocal range plays such an important role in classifying singing voices into voice types that sometimes the two terms are confused with one another. A voice type is a particular kind of human singing voice perceived as having certain identifying qualities or characteristics;

The range is only one of those characteristics. Other factors are vocal weight, vocal tessitura, vocal timbre, vocal transition points,

All of these factors combined are used to categorize a

singer’s voice into a particular kind of singing voice or voice type.

I hope my explanation isn't too confusing. I'll gladly help you to identify your vocal range if you like. Thanks.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 25, 2019:


Thank you for your comments. You have confirmed what I've written here, and because you're a professional and use these techniques, others will be more prone to start incorporating them too.

Hello, Linda

My life has been filled with so many "singing and teaching" experiences that I actually forget about them until I start writing. Just one more good reason to write - right?

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on June 25, 2019:

I like singing, and I get valuable information here. Thanks for sharing, Audrey. Good job!

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 24, 2019:


Thank you, my friend, for being here. What would we do without our voices? Whether singing or daily speaking, knowing how to avoid straining the voice is important. I appreciate your kind comments.



Liz Westwood from UK on June 21, 2019:

I didn't realise that Julie Andrews' problems were caused by alcohol. I thought it was something to do with nodules on her vocal chords. Fortunately she has had acting roles to fall back on. I still think of the opening scenes of The Sound of Music as some of the most stunning even after all these years. The swooping aerial view of Austria leading into her opening song are fantastic, especially on the big screen.

Audrey Hunt (author) from Pahrump NV on June 21, 2019:


Singing well involves the use of the entire body. The key to developing the singing voice is to learn proper vocal technique. Anyone can sing and sound good once the right skills are applied to the voice. It's pretty amazing. Thanks, Pamela.


Eventually, alcohol takes a toll on even the best singers. We rarely hear about it. Even Julie Andrews (The Sound of Music) suffered vocal damage and stopped singing


Aw, gee whiz, thank you, dear Bill. This means everything to me!




Yes, dairy products can cause phlegm (mucus) and usually does. It's best to avoid dairy when singing. Thanks, so much.

FlourishAnyway from USA on June 19, 2019:

This was excellent. Congratulations on your work with the artists mentioned. It was touching to heat about the elderly man’s reaction to hearing a song from his youth. You mention not singing outside your natural range. Can you describe how you know what that is for you individually?

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on June 19, 2019:

Congratulations on your payoff with Kristin McNamara! I always learn from your articles. The effect of alcohol on the vocals, as you describe, is alarming. Thanks for your wise counsel.

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on June 18, 2019:

Thank you for sharing the tips, Audrey. Your advice sounds excellent. I enjoyed learning about some of your experiences as a singer and a teacher as well.

Marlene Bertrand from USA on June 18, 2019:

About 8 years ago, I woke up and decided to earn a living by using what the good Lord gave me - my voice. I'm a voice actor. I don't get the BIG gigs, but I am happy with what I have. Truthfully, a lot of what you teach here has helped me take care of and refine my voice talent. So, I thank you very much for the valuable lessons you share here.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on June 18, 2019:

Excellent article about, how to avoid vocal strain, so much important for the singers.

I agree with you that speaking loudly or yelling, can damage the voice. Other reasons that you have mentioned are equally important.

Thanks for sharing this well written article. A great helpful guide for the singers, whether new or the established ones.

You look great in all your pictures. Thank You and good day.

Linda Lum from Washington State, USA on June 18, 2019:

Audrey, this is a great article. I wonder how the singers in bands can continue night after night in an atmosphere with smoke (and I'll bet they don't abstain from alcohol).

Years ago a choir director cautioned us to not eat dairy products (especially drinking milk) before performing because it would produce mucus. True?

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on June 18, 2019:

You are one talented lady, my friend. It is an honor to call you a dear friend.



Liz Westwood from UK on June 18, 2019:

You give some interesting and valuable tips. The alcohol-fuelled singing sessions that we hear of with big names of the past clearly were not a good idea.

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on June 18, 2019:

I never thought about all the things that go into being a good singer. Unfortunately, I do not have a good singing voice, but I appreciate those that do. I have done some speaking, so i appreciate this well-written article.

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