Chasmac is a semi-retired guitar teacher who has taught in various schools in London and elsewhere for over 30 years.
This is the 2nd piece titled "Andante" in Ferdinando Carulli's revised classical guitar tuition "Methode" (Opus 241). You can play it from the score below, and you can also hear a score-generated audio track in the video capsule near the bottom of this article.
If you want to read the score in the video capsule as the music plays, it's best to view it in full-screen mode using a high playback quality setting for the clearest display.
F. Carulli - Andante No.2 From Opus 241 for classical guitar
Study Notes for Learners
Here are some tips to keep in mind.
There are three sections in this piece, A, B & C, which you can see in each line of the score separated by repeat marks. The D.C. al Fine sign means go back to the first bar or measure and play again with no further repeats until you reach the Fine sign at the end of section B, which is the end of the piece.
- The overall section playing order is A A B B C C A B.
Time Signature and Meter
The time signature of 68 (six-eight) means that there are two beats in every bar (apart from the 'pick up' bar, of course) and that every beat is given the value of a dotted quarter note. If you're not familiar with this time signature, you can start off by counting six 8th note beats per bar in order to get the timing of the 'long-short' rhythm that you can hear in most of the bars. As soon as you can feel the rhythm accurately, go back to counting in dotted quarter note beats, which is the true 'meter' of this piece. This meter is an example of 'compound duple' time, meaning two beats per bar, each of which is divisible by three ( a dotted quarter note is worth three 8th notes).
Some fretting-hand fingering is given as a guide where it may not be obvious which fingers to use, but the fingering is more or less straightforward, and you can choose for yourself which to use. As for your picking hand, use your thumb for all bass notes. Those are shown in the notation staff with downward pointing note stems. Use any alternating combination of fingers of your picking hand for the melody (and occasional harmony) upper notes.
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The tempo is andante, which is why the title (assigned by the original publisher) is "Andante", meaning a tempo of around 80 - 90 BPM. Play it slower if you need to and gradually increase your speed until you can play it at the andante tempo. The main thing is to be smooth and fluent at whatever tempo you play it at.
Key and Chords
The principal key is C major, but there are hints at two closely related keys: G major and A minor.
Section A is in C major throughout and consist of native chords: C major, G7 and D minor. Many of them are incomplete and only implied, but that's enough to be counted as chords.
Section B is also in C major but briefly flirts with the closely related 'dominant' key of G major. That's done by the use of the note F# and the chord D7, both of which are foreign to the key of C major. However, as they're native to the key of G major, they lead to the chord G major very strongly and almost cause a change of key when the G major chord is heard. Any notion of that is short-lived, however, as F natural, which is foreign to the key of G major but native to C major, brings us back home to the real key of C major.
Section C goes straight into the relative minor key of A minor for the whole section, with chords: A minor, E major and D minor. The return to section A, however, brings us back to the home key of C major.
Musical Features at a Glance
Opus 241: Andante No.2
Ferdinando Carulli (1770-1841)
Compound Duple (6/8)
Andante 80-90 BPM
Highest Fretboard Position
Pos III in bars 1, 5 & 9
Listen to Carulli's Andante
More Classical Guitar and Fingerstyle Pieces
You can try many more guitar pieces by checking my profile. There are compositions from Carulli, Giuliani, Aguado, Sor and Tarrega. There are also folk fingerstyle pieces including Scarborough Fair and Greensleeves. All are in the same format as this article, i.e., with guitar tab, standard notation, audio demo and study notes.
Andante No. 2 from Opus 241 is composed by Ferdinando Carulli (1770-1841) and is in the public domain.
The score, audio and images are produced by chasmac.
© 2015 Chas Mac