Taking Care of Your Violin
Storing and Carrying the Violin
- Proper Temperature and Humidity: The violin is a fragile instrument made of multiple wooden parts glued together. It is very sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity. When storing the violin, avoid keeping it under extreme temperature. Never leave it exposed outdoors in the winter or under the hot sun. If the temperature is too cold/hot for you, it is the same for your instrument. If you live in a place where the humidity level is low, consider getting a humidifier for your instrument.
- The Violin Case: Keep the violin in the violin case when it is not in use. Make sure that the case is properly closed or zipped before you carry the case. Avoid leaving the violin at vulnerable places where someone may accidentally damage it. Invest in a good violin case that offers sturdy protection. The cheaper violin cases in the market are made of foam and they do not offer good protection for your instrument. The better cases are made of wood or synthetic material such as carbon fiber.
- Traveling with Your Instrument: If you are traveling by air, make sure to hand-carry your violin with you and store it in the overhead baggage compartment. It is extremely risky to check-in your violin with other baggage. If you are traveling by bus or train, it is also advisable for you to carry it with you to your seat.
Checking the Set-Up Regularly
- The Pegs: When tuning the strings, make sure that the pegs can turn smoothly. If they are too tight or slip off easily, it means that they do not fit the peg holes well enough. You can bring it to a luthier to have a set of new pegs properly fitted. If it is not too serious, consider getting some peg compounds that you can apply to the pegs. There are different compounds available in the market for pegs that are too tight or too slippery.
- The Bridge: Check the bridge regularly to make sure that it is upright. As we tune the strings with the pegs, the strings pull the bridge towards the fingerboard. If left unchecked, the bridge may warp, or has one side of the feet coming off from the top of the violin. It is, therefore, essential to re-adjust the bridge from time to time. Get someone with experience to do it if you do not know how to do it.
- The Chin Rest: The chin rest may get loose and move away from its original position. It will affect the sound if it comes into contact with the tailpiece. Use an appropriate tool to unscrew the chin rest, set it back into position, and tighten it. Make sure there are enough cork under the chin rest and the metal clamp to protect the surface of the violin.
- For more information on the setting up a violin, read Setting Up A New Violin.
Keeping the Violin in Good Condition
- Protecting the Varnish: The grease and sweat from the hands may erode the varnish on the violin. Therefore, it is important to wash your hands before playing the violin. Avoid holding the body of the violin (i.e., the varnished parts) with sweaty palms. Use only appropriate commercial cleaner or polish to clean your instrument. Do not use water or any other substance that may damage the violin.
- Keeping the Violin Clean: After each playing session, remember to wipe off the rosin dust on your violin and bow stick with a dry and soft cloth. Rosin dust left on the violin for too long will become very hard to be removed.
- Maintaining the Bow: The bow needs to be loosened when not in use. If you keep the bow hair tightened over a long time, the bow stick will slowly lose its camber. It will also reduce the life span of the bow hair. Avoid tightening the bow too much when playing. The bow stick should remain concave at all times. Also, remember to keep the bow hair clean by not touching it with your hands and fingers.
The true mission of the violin is to imitate the accents of the human voice, a noble mission that has earned for the violin the glory of being called the king of instruments.— Charles Auguste De Beriot
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