A Brief History of Fender Electric Guitars

Updated on May 15, 2017
Guitar Gopher profile image

Guitar Gopher is a guitarist and bassist with over 30 years of experience as a musician.

Guitars like the Stratocaster, Telecaster, Jazzmaster and Jaguar have solidified Fender's place in music history.
Guitars like the Stratocaster, Telecaster, Jazzmaster and Jaguar have solidified Fender's place in music history.

Fender Electric Guitars

If you are a guitarist, the history of Fender electric guitars and the evolution of models like the Stratocaster, Telecaster, Jaguar and Jazzmaster should be significant to you. It's not an understatement to say that knowing Fender history means knowing the evolution of the electric guitar in general.

Fender played a major role in the design and development of the electric guitar as we know it today, and no matter what brand you play it's safe to say there's a little Fender in it.

Even if you play a Gibson you've benefitted from Fender's innovations. In the 1940s guitarist Les Paul invented a solid-body guitar in the Epiphone factory and named it the Log. He pitched the idea to Gibson, but they weren't interested. Not until Fender released the solid-bodied Telecaster, anyway. After that, Gibson decided it might be a smart idea to see what this Les Paul guy had going on.

The result of their collaboration, of course, was the Gibson Les Paul solid-body electric guitar. Is it fair to say the Les Paul would have never existed without the Fender Telecaster?

Well, let's not go that far. But it is true that the friendly guitar arms race that has been going on between Fender and Gibson for over 50 years has led to many of the innovations we take for granted today.

Some of the top guitarists in history have chosen Fender as their main guitar brand. Here's a look at four incredible Fender instruments and their impact on the guitar world.

Telecaster

The Telecaster wasn't always called the Telecaster. It started out as the single-pickup Esquire back in 1950, then gained a second pickup and become the Broadcaster, and finally the Telecaster.

Yup, this is the guitar that gave Gibson the kick in the pants it needed to develop the Les Paul.

This was the first commercially-available solid-body electric guitar. It was a creation of Leo Fender, founder of Fender, and a truly unique innovation at the time.

The form and function of this guitar has remained essentially the same since its inception. The Tele model was built for clear, clean sounds, and assembly-line production. With a flat, solid body and simple wiring these guitars could be pumped out by the thousands, and they caught on just as fast as Fender could make them.

Today the Fender Telecaster seems among the most simple guitars out there, but it's easy to forget just how ground-breaking it was at the time of its release. Even today, it has a sound and look that some guitarists can't live without.

Leo Fender obviously knew what he was doing!

The Legendary Fender Telecaster

Stratocaster

The first Fender Stratocaster popped up in 1954. Like the Telecaster it was simple in form and function, but featured a few things that were pretty distinctive in the guitar world at the time.

For one thing, the body shape featured contours to make holding and playing the guitar more comfortable, and a double-cutaway design that made reaching the upper frets much easier. The tremolo bar allowed players to add vibrato to their sound, and the three-pickup design meant more available tone options than found in the Telecaster.

Still, the Strat struggled a bit, until rock icon Buddy Holly appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show with a sunburst Strat. The rest, as they say, is history. From Jimi Hendrix to Eric Clapton to Yngwie Malmsteen, legions of rock guitarists have employed the Fender Stratocater to get the sound they need.

And when the Strat didn't quite have the sound they wanted, they took a wrench to it. The Stratocaster is among the most modded guitars out there, and players have created their own custom Strats over the years. Some ideas caught on and found themselves in the designs of other guitar brands. Without the Fender Stratocaster we may never have seen instruments like the Ibanez RG or Jackson Soloist.

The American Standard Stratocaster

Jazzmaster

There's no doubt the Fender Stratocaster is one of the most popular guitars in the world, and no matter what genre of music you're into you can likely see the value in the Strat. The Fender Jazzmaster, however, is more of an acquired taste.

With its larger body, soap-bar single-coil pickups and unique Lead and Rhythm circuits in addition to normal pickup switching and tone control, the Jazzmaster is a bit more sophisticated than either the Strat or Telecaster. Unfortunately, the jazz audience Fender was hoping for never quite grabbed onto the Jazzmaster idea.

However, this guitar didn't fail to earn some fans. The Jazzmaster played a part in shaping the sound of '60s surf guitar, and later went on to find itself in the hands of alternative guitarists looking for a distinctive sound.

Since the late '50s the Jazzmaster has been a unique voice in the Fender lineup. While not as well known as the Stratocaster or Telecaster, it is no less important in the evolution of the Fender brand name.

The Fender Classic Player Jazzmaster Special

Jaguar

The Fender Jaguar arrived in 1962, and like the Jazzmaster had a certain appeal within the surf crowd. While the Jaguar may look a bit like the Jazzmaster there are some serious differences.

Both guitars share a similar design concept, but the Jaguar features an even more complicated pickup switching and tone circuit system, a shorter scale length and single-coil pickups more like those seen on a Strat or Tele.

It quickly made its mark as the most innovative Fender guitar yet. But even though it was billed as Fender's ultimate modern guitar, few musicians were wooed by the initial release of the Jaguar. By 1975 Fender has ceased production.

But the grunge movement of the early '90s brought the Jaguar back into the limelight, as guitarists found clever uses for its unique sound capabilities. Today, the Jaguar is back in production, and available in several different Fender lineups.

Fender Classic Series 60s Jaguar

Fenders Made in Mexico

For the past few decades Fender's main lineup of budget instruments has come from their facility in Ensenada, Mexico. These are often referred to as MIM (Made in Mexico) Fenders, and affordable versions of Fender guitars and basses in the Standard series are excellent alternatives to spending big cash on an American Fender.

The debate on MIM Fenders vs American Fenders will go on forever, and I get lots of feedback from guitarists on both sides of the fence. Many players insist an MIM Fender is just as good as an American Fender, or at least good enough for them. Other guitarists think that's the silliest thing they've ever heard.

In my opinion, MIM Fenders are valid alternatives and worth checking out if you are looking to save a few bucks.

Squier by Fender

Squier is Fender's entry-level brand, and they produce classic Fender models priced for beginners. Starting out with a Squier is a great way for a guitarist to ensure they are playing affordable but quality gear from the beginning. Squier even makes starter packs, which contain everything a new guitar player needs to get going.

Even though most Squiers are made for inexperienced players, their Classic Vibe and Vintage Modified series guitars have gotten some attention from veteran players. These are upgraded instruments, but still very affordable, and a great way to add to a guitar collection without going into debt.

Like the MIM Fenders, guitarists will always debate the pros and cons of Squier guitars. I believe they are among the best options for newbie guitarists.

The Legacy of Fender

Fender Musical Instruments Corporation has seen its share of ups and downs over the years. From the creative excitement of the '50s and early '60s, to the uncertainty of the CBS era, to the resurgence of the late '80s, and on to the present. Today, Fender is as strong as ever, and among the top guitar brands on the planet.

Leo Fender left the company in 1965. He went on to form Music Man and G&L Musical Instruments, two more giants of the guitar world, before his passing in 1991.

So, do you play a Fender? Should you play a Fender? Probably. Every guitarist has to have at least one Fender in their collection. You might discover, like thousands of other musicians, that there is a Fender model that fits your sound perfectly.

Choose Your Fender!

Which Fender guitar is your favorite?

See results

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Guitar Gopher profile imageAUTHOR

      Guitar Gopher 

      4 years ago

      Thanks for sharing that great story, Amy. Don't worry, I get emotional about guitars too!

    • amymurry profile image

      Amy Murry 

      4 years ago from London

      Great article!

      i had a stratocaster MIM when growing up...

      the time i spent playing those scales seems so long ago.

      I'll always remember how i started paying interest to guitar playing.. i was hearing Jimi Hendrix playing 'Little wing' on the radio and i was immediately hooked up to it. i was trying to search for the name of the person who played this (before the internet era) and the minute i saw Jimi's picture with his stratocaster i decided that i want to learn how to play the guitar, and that i want to own one of these stratocaster guitars.

      so thanks for this post, sorry if i got to emotional...:)

    • Guitar Gopher profile imageAUTHOR

      Guitar Gopher 

      4 years ago

      Thanks rustedmemory! Glad you like it.

    • rustedmemory profile image

      David Hamilton 

      4 years ago from Lexington, KY

      I love the guitar articles! Keep it up :)

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, spinditty.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://spinditty.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)