I'm a guitarist and bassist with over 35 years of experience as a musician.
All About Guitar Strings
If you are a beginner you might need a little help choosing guitar strings, and maybe some advice on how to restring your instrument. It won't be long until you can change your strings blindfolded and with one hand tied behind your back, but the first time is always a little daunting.
Maybe you've even been putting the job off. Your new guitar seemed so perfect and shiny when you first got it. Now the strings are all dulled and dead-sounding. It's time to change them out, but maybe you're afraid you're going to wreck something if you do it wrong.
This article ought to answer your questions and put your mind at ease. Changing your guitar's strings is not only important for the sound of your guitar, but it's an opportunity to perform some maintenance that will keep your guitar in good working condition.
Learn how to take care of your guitar and it will last a lifetime!
How Often Should You Change Your Guitar Strings?
If you practice or play every day, you should change your guitar strings about once a month. If that seems too often you can go a little longer, or if your strings seem especially worn you may do it more often. You'll learn to adjust your maintenance schedule depending on the wear you're seeing.
Back when I was a newbie, I only changed one of my guitar strings when it broke. That's the wrong answer. Of course you should have extras on-hand in case you snap one, but, like getting the oil changed in a car, this should be scheduled and expected maintenance.
Later on, when I was playing in bands, I used to change my strings a couple of times per week, whether they needed it or not. I think I read somewhere that the guitar tech for one of my favorite guitarists restrung all of his guitars before every show. That might be fine if you have a guitar tech, but for the average musician in a band it was probably overkill.
As guitar strings age their sound dulls, and they physically stretch to their limit. Some players prefer the sound of slightly aged strings, but you shouldn't let it go too far. Strings also tarnish and accumulate dirt and grime, which isn't good for your frets and fingerboard.
How fast this happens depends on how much you play, how much you sweat while playing and your individual body chemistry. You can (and should) wipe your guitar down after playing, and wash your hands before you play, but soon enough your strings start to lose their luster.
Here's a list of some of the different guitar strings I use and have used over the years. There were times when I swore by one brand or another. Today I use a few different brands.
Eventually you will form your own opinions on which brands are better than the others. For now, you can't go wrong with any of the options listed below:
- Elixir NANOWEB: I most often use Elixir NANOWEB strings on my electric guitars these days. The NANOWEB thing is a coating that is supposed to make them last longer and not rust. I do think they have a different feel than other brands, and I've always liked their sound. They are a little more expensive and among the best guitar strings out there, so I save them for my higher-value guitars.
- Martin Phosphor Bronze: I use Martin Phosphor Bronze SP strings on my acoustic guitars. Like the Elixirs (who also make some good acoustic guitar strings) I think they have a nicer feel, good sound and seem to last a while.
- Ernie Ball Slinky: I used Ernie Ball strings exclusively during my time playing in metal bands. For a while I used the Super Slinky gauge, which is Ernie Ball's equivalent of extra-light. I eventually switched to their Hybrid Slinky pack, which features heavier wound strings for the low-E, A and D.
- GHS Boomers: I started using GHS Boomers as a teenager and I've been using them on and off ever since. They're a solid, good-sounding and affordable option for guitarists. Many of my guitars today have GHS Strings installed and I'm very happy with them.
- Fender Bullets: I've used Fender Bullets from time to time, particularly on my Strats. They're made specifically for Fender tremolo bridges and, Fender says, they'll offer better sustain and stability. I've never had any issues with them.
Understanding Guitar String Gauges
When you first start looking at guitar strings the numbers can be a little confusing. But, it all makes sense once you understand what those numbers are supposed to represent.
Guitar strings come in different thicknesses, commonly referred to as gauges. You'll see individual strings labeled .009 for example. You'll see packs of strings labeled, for example, 9-42.
How are you supposed to know what all those numbers mean?
It's not nearly as complicated as it seems. String thickness is measured in inches, so that .009 number is a fraction of an inch. Nine-thousandths of an inch, actually.
For the sake of simplicity, when labeling packs of strings most guitar-string makers drop the decimal and zeros. Thus, for example, a pack of strings labeled 9-42 contains strings measuring .009 (the thinnest string) to .042 (the heaviest string).
Typically, the individual strings in a 9-42 pack will measure something like:
- Low E: .042
- A: .032
- D: .024
- G: .016
- B: .011
- High E: .009
The smaller the fraction, the lighter the strings. This means a pack of strings tagged 9-42 will be lighter gauge than one tagged 10-46.
Manufacturers will also give them other labels. For electric guitars, strings in the 9-42 range are often (but not always) called "Extra Light", and strings in the 10-46 range are often (but not always) called "Light". For acoustic guitars, strings in the 12-54 range are considered "light".
It's really not standardized between brands. Some string makers deviate slightly here and there, and some come up with more clever names for their products.
Just remember the names aren't as important as the actual gauge. The numbers are what you need to look for, no matter what they're called, so don't let the wording confuse you.
How to Change Electric Guitar Strings by Fender
How to Know Which Gauge Guitar Strings You Need
If you've never changed your strings before, and your guitar was new when you got it, you may be able to find out what gauge strings you need by going to the website of your guitar manufacturer. Check out the specs for your guitar and see if they tell you the string gauge for your particular instrument. If not, see if there is a forum attached to their site where you can ask.
Most guitars in moderate price ranges ship with light-gauge: 9-42. Others come with 10-46 gauge, but that doesn't mean you're stuck with them. You can choose any gauge string you want, but it might mean your guitar will need a little work.
Be careful: The gauge affects the tension on the guitar neck, so if you install a very different gauge from what you're presently using you could damage your guitar.
Going one gauge heavier or lighter probably won't make a difference, but any more than that and you should bring your guitar into the shop to have it restrung and set up.
How to Change Strings with a Floyd Rose by Schecter
Tools for Changing Your Strings
It's smart to start building up a small toolkit for working on your guitar. Don't scrounge tools from the garage or towels from the kitchen; have your own kit that the rest of the family knows is hands-off. Every time you change your strings or work on your guitar you'll have everything you need in your toolbox, nice and handy.
Something like a tackle box like you'd use for fishing is perfect for keeping all your tools organized. It also has enough space for all the spare screws, bolts, jacks, wires, and other junk you'll accumulate through the years.
For now, the essential items you require are a polishing cloth, a wire cutter/pliers, and a string winder. Later on, as you get better at working on your guitar and feel confident enough to perform more complex maintenance, you can add items like hex wrenches, screwdrivers and a small gauge for measuring string height.
How to Change Acoustic Guitar Strings by Martin
Take Care of Your Guitar
Learning to change the strings and perform general maintenance on your guitars is very important. It will keep your guitar in good order now and make sure it's ready for practice. By maintaining your guitar you might just be making sure it stays around for the rest of your career.
Think you won't care about your starter guitar years from now? You will, and many veteran players regret not having their first guitar anymore. Through your career your tastes will change, and the guitar strings you use now may not be the ones you're happy with next year, or even next week.
It is also a good idea to learn to tune your guitar by ear. When you know what sounds your should expect, it makes changing strings and tuning up your guitar go much quicker.
For now, choose the best guitar strings you can and don't be afraid to work on your guitar.
Good luck and have fun!
Guitar Strings Poll
Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on September 21, 2014:
Will do my very best. IF I could just play/finger-pick the song, Alice's Restaurant, I would be so happy that I would scream from Look Out Mountain, Ga., "Hey, world. I can play A song on the axe!"
Michael James (author) on September 21, 2014:
You too, Kenneth! Have fun playing that guitar!
Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on September 20, 2014:
It was nice to talk with you about guitars. I do need to get my guitar out next week and start my practicing Alice's Restaurant again.
Michael James (author) on September 16, 2014:
robertzimmerman2 on September 15, 2014:
Great hub! I used both GHS and Elixer Nanowebs and they served me well. Now it's DR Pure Blues all the way, baby!
Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on August 04, 2014:
I must have overlooked it. They are great strings. And keep up the great work on guitars. I love it.
I hope to see you around on HP and you being a follower.
Michael James (author) on August 04, 2014:
Thanks Kenneth. Yes, I've heard of Elixir and mentioned them above. :-) I've used them on my more expensive guitars in the past and I like them a lot.
Kenneth Avery from Hamilton, Alabama on August 03, 2014:
Well-written, very in-depth and cool hub.
Voted up and away.
Have you heard of Elixar strings? I use them on my Fender acoustic. They keep their tone longer and do not cut your fingertips.
Keep up your hub writing and picking.
David Hamilton from Lexington, KY on June 19, 2014:
If you buy a 10 pack of D'Addarios from Musician Friend, it ends up being 3-4 dollars a pack. It's the only way I can keep fresh strings on my babies and food in the kids mouths!
Michael James (author) on June 19, 2014:
That's a good recommendation too! I have vague memories of using them long ago but can't recall enough to comment. I know a lot of players love them.
David Hamilton from Lexington, KY on June 19, 2014:
I never liked the Slinkys (They break too easily for me). I have been playing D'addario's for about 10 years and they deliver the most bang for my buck.
DR's are a little more pricey but have a great feel.