The Sukiyaki Song and Its Connection to Japan Airlines Flight 123
Kyu Sakamoto, Singer of the Japanese Version of Sukiyaki
The Sukiyaki Song
Anyone born in the late 50s or prior, or anyone who is a fan of 60s pop music, will recognize this song immediately.
The English translation for sukiyaki is ‘to slice thinly’ (suki) and ‘to fry, boil or sear’ (yaki). The Japanese dish we all know and love is typically a noodle dish with stir fried vegetables and either beef or chicken in a delicious soy broth.
So, how on earth did this sad song come to be named after a Japanese food?
The song is about a man who walks with his face to the night sky, counting the stars, so that his tears won’t fall.
Ue wo Muite Arukō
The song was first released in Japan in 1961 under its Japanese title Ue wo Muite Arukō, which means I Look Up As I Walk. It was written by a Japanese composer and author by the name of Rokusuke Ei.
There are two versions to the story about how he came up with the lyrics. One version suggests that Rokusuke was walking home from a protest over the continued U.S. military presence in Japan and was saddened by the fact that the protests did not seem to be having the desired result. The other far more romantic version of the story says that he had his heart broken by a Japanese actress by the name of Meiko Nakamura.
The song was a huge hit in Japan in 1961, and in 1962 a British record executive from Pye Records by the name of Louis Benjamin heard the song while visiting Japan, and knew he had to bring this hit home to the UK. The song ‘Sukiyaki’ – the name was chosen as it was easier for English speaking people to remember and be able to pronounce – was recorded as a purely instrumental tune by a popular British band called Kenny Ball and His Jazzmen, and it reached number 10 on the British music charts. The label His Master’s Voice (HMV) then released the original Japanese version in the UK.
The song then crossed the ocean to the US when a DJ heard the British version, and managed to get his hands on a copy of the original Japanese version. He also called the song Sukiyaki, which was already a word familiar to Americans because of the food. Capital Records in the U.S. licensed and released the original Japanese version using the more familiar Sukiyaki name in June of 1963.
The DJ’s daughter was at college with a girl who had lived in Japan for a time and had a copy of the original.
Who Sang Sukiyaki?
The original Japanese version of the song was performed by a young actor and singer by the name of Kyu Sakamoto. Kyu began his musical career in 1958 as part of a band, but things really took off for him when he recorded Ue wo Muite Arukō at the age of 19. The song was released on vinyl in October of 1961 and remained in top spot in Japan for three months. Kyu embarked on a world tour in 1963 and visited the U.S., where he appeared on The Steve Allen Show.
Today, Sukiyaki remains one of the top selling single songs ever, with 13 million records sold.
I Look Up As I Walk
JAL Airlines Flight 123
At 6:04 p.m. on August 12, 1985 Japan Airlines (JAL) flight 123 took off from Japan’s Narita Airport on route to Osaka International Airport, about an hour and a half away. Twelve minutes into the flight, when the aircraft had nearly reached its cruising altitude, an explosive decompression took place in the pressurized bulkhead that sits between the passenger cabin and the tail of the plane. The failure stemmed from an incorrect repair that had been made to the plane fully seven years earlier, when the tail of the aircraft had struck the tarmac.
As the plane climbed and pressurized, cracks that had gone undetected over the seven years since the original repair began to grow. The rear bulkhead exploded violently, causing the ceiling to collapse at the back of the plane and sending pressurized air from the cabin rushing backward toward the tail section. A huge piece of the aircraft’s tail was sheared off and the hydraulic lines critical for steering the plane were completely severed.
Emergency oxygen masks dropped from the overhead compartments, and the captain immediately called out 'Squawk 77', an emergency request that was picked up by operations in Tokyo. Despite his request to attempt to reach Haneda airport, the pilot was instructed to head for Nagoya Airfield, a former international hub.
But the plane was failing fast. With no hydraulics and no tail to stabilize the aircraft, it began flying in a rolling uphill and downhill motion, speeding up, and then slowing down, over and over. The crew made a desperate attempt to gain some sort of control over the aircraft, using the flaps and throttle to try to steer it. The plane had descended to the 13,500 foot level, then to 7,000 feet, before climbing once again to 13,000 feet. There, she fell into a sharp descent, one of her wings clipping a mountain ridge. She then crashed into a second mountain ridge and came to rest on her back.
The U.S. Air Force scrambled a military transport C-130 Hercules plane from its base at Yokata Air Base, near the flight path the plane had taken, and was the first to spot the wreckage about 20 minutes after JAL 123 disappeared from radar.
The cockpit voice recording from JAL Airlines 123
A Sad Song For A Sad Story
The passengers on the disabled plane had 32 minutes from the time of the depressurization until the crash, enabling some of them to actually write farewell notes to their loved ones. Of the 509 passengers and 15 crew aboard the aircraft, four people actually survived. The official investigation after the crash determined that there could have been more survivors if rescue operations had been launched immediately, as doctors later discovered that some passengers had died from shock and exposure in the cold mountain air. The crash remains the deadliest single plane accident in aviation history.
And Kyu Sakamoto, the man who sang about looking skyward so his tears would not fall, was among the passengers who died in the crash of JAL 123.
JAL Airlines has not used 123 as a flight number since that terrible day in 1985.