Jazz Guitar Lessons • Misty • Chord Melody Chart, Modal Breakdown, Videos.
Learning Blues Guitar
I have been teaching guitar professionally since 1992, when Don’t Fret Guitar Instruction was established. Over the years, I have taught countless students (beginners to advanced) how to play or improve their chops. Past students include four members of PROTEST THE HERO.
With this book, my goal is to relate the scales with chords and rhythms as opposed to just learning solos or licks and having no idea how to apply them. Good rhythm playing and knowledge is crucial to good soloing and vice versa. This comes through understanding the relationship between chords and scales. This book provides that important foundation.
The book is unique in the fact that each chapter is based around a different key signature and an open (contains unfretted notes), pattern of the pentatonic scale. There are five chapters covering the key signatures of E, A, D, G and C, and the five open ‘box patterns’ (scale patterns) of the pentatonic scale. Eventually all the box patterns are covered, from the open strings to the fifteenth fret.
There is no endless scale practice or useless licks to learn. Instead, each chapter begins with a chord progression, moves into various rhythm patterns derived from the chord progression, and then culminates with solos based on the scale and key covered. These solos tie in with the chord progression and rhythm patterns to form a complete lesson for each chapter.
The book is progressive. Upon completion, the student will have a solid foundation in blues guitar, and will understand the rhythm, lead connection.
The book is best studied from beginning to end, without slighting any material. All theory is explained in the simplest terms. There are fretboard diagrams for the scales, chord grids, and photos of hand positions as well as videos posted on YouTube to aid in the learning process.
It is best, but not necessary, to have a knowledge of barre and open chord shapes before beginning this course. All the chords have fretboard grids associated with them.
Good luck and have fun. Music is a celebration. Enjoy!
Lorne K. Hemmerling
Errol Garner's best known composition is Misty. He was an accomplished jazz pianist, a virtuoso. He was self taught, an 'ear player', who never learned how to read music. By the tender age of eleven, he was playing on riverboats on the Allegheny River. Garner moved to New York in 1944, where he worked with Slam Stewart and Charlie Parker. He possessed a photographic memory when it came to music, able to play complex pieces after just one listen. He died in 1977 at the age of fifty three from a heart attack.
Misty Modal Breakdown
Almost all of the audio examples are simply the mode (scale) played in sequence over the chord. This is not very musical, but aids in demonstrating the sound of the scales in relation to the chords. The basic rule when improvising over a chord progression is to start with the parent scale (in this case E flat Major), then analyze the chord structure to determine what alterations the chords make on the scale. In the end, however, it all boils down to 'if it sounds right, it is'.
Measure one is based in E flat (the key signature). In measure two, the B flat minor seventh and minor sixth force the D natural in E flat Major to move to D flat. This changes the E flat Major scale to B flat Dorian (parent scale: A flat Major). This remains in effect until measure four. Then the A flat minor seventh and minor sixth force the scales to move to A flat Dorian. For the remainder of the verse the scale moves back to the parent key (E flat Major). In the bridge, the A seventh chord is best treated as chromatic movement into the A flat Major scale. Move into C Dorian for measures thirteen and fourteen, before returning to E flat Major (the parent scale). Not so prevalent in rock and pop songs, but changing scales within the context of a song is very common in jazz.
Modal Breakdown For The Verses (Relate To The Chords Above)
Misty • Modal Breakdown Verses
Modal Breakdown For The Bridge (Relate To The Chords Above)
Misty • Modal Breakdown Bridge
This is an improvised solo to Misty.
Misty • Chord Chart
This is the chord chart for the song. Most everyone has performed this song in the original key of Eb Major. Three flats in the key signature: B, E and A. Silly saying for the order of the flats: Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles Father. To find the key when confronted with flats, look at the second last flat, that is the key signature. Eg: In the key of D flat the order of flats would be: B, E, A, D, G. The second last flat is, obviously D. The only flat key this does not work for is F Major, only because there is no second last flat in the signature. F Major has one flat: B flat. Memorize this. This chart works well when comping behind a soloist or vocalist. Most all of my jazz knowledge (besides studying advanced courses at Eli Kassner Guitar Academy) comes from the Mickey Baker Jazz Guitar method. Excellent books that I recommend to everyone.
Measures one to four outline a common jazz . Moving from the parent tonic chords (EbMaj7 and EbMaj6) into the AbMaj7 and AbMaj6 from the second chord of the A flat Major scale: Bbm7 and Bbm6. In measure four, the chords move from Abm7 to Abm6, then work their way back into the parent key of E flat. Measures seven and eight comprise a common jazz turnaround in the key of E flat. All the chords in measures five to eight are diatonic to E flat Major. The C7 has been altered with the sharp ninth to fit into the key.
All the chords in the bridge are diatonic to E flat Major, with the exception of A7, which follows chromatic movement into AbMaj7 and AbMaj6.
Four note chords formed when harmonizing E flat Major: EbMaj7 Fm7 Gm7 AbMaj7 Bb7 Cm7 D#dim7
Misty • Melody
This is the melody. Analyzing the notes of the melody, you will find that they all follow the modes outlined in the previous section. Starting with the parent scale of E flat Major, suss out what changes the chords impose on the scale. In measure one the scale is E flat Major (three flats: B, E, A). In measure two and three, the scale moves to A flat Major (four flats: B, E, A D) and in measure four it modulates into G flat Major (six flats: B, E, A, D, G, C). The quarter note triplets are not as easily defined as eighth note triplets. Eighth note triplets are counted 1 and ah 2 and ah 3 and ah 4 and ah. Quarter note triplets are more of a feel than a count, kind of a delayed sound.
Try learning this note for note. Memorize it, then get behind it! Play it with feel. Play it as a stand alone piece. I like to think of myself as a horn player when working with melodies. All they can play is single notes. They do not have the luxury of inserting chords. Try this! It works.
Clint Eastwood (Play Misty For Me) and Errol Garner
Misty • Chord Melody
This is the chord-melody arrangement that I am performing in the video. Most of the foundation chords have been replaced by melody chords (chords that are usually played on the top three or four strings). The trick is to voice (arrange the notes in the chord) so that the melody is the highest note of the chord. With much practice, this gets easier, to the point that this style of playing can be created on the spot (improvised). Jazz is by no means easy, it is a huge study. I often tell students "jazz players are way up there, the rest of us, way down here" Enjoy!!