KISS: The 1978 Solo Albums Fiasco

Updated on September 19, 2017
FatFreddysCat profile image

I've been a KISS fan since '77, seen them live numerous times (in and out of makeup) and I'm a veteran of the KISS Expo/Convention scene.

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In 1977, KISS Ruled the World

KISS was on top of the world in 1977. After breaking through to the mainstream in a big way with 1975's ALIVE! concert double-LP, the grease-painted, fire breathing hard rock foursome suddenly seemed unstoppable. They released a string of platinum records over the next several years including 1976's Destroyer (which featured the surprise hit single "Beth"), Rock and Roll Over (late '76) and Love Gun (June of '77). The 1977 Gallup public opinion poll named KISS the most popular band in America and their first Super Special comic book ("printed in REAL KISS BLOOD!") set new sales records for Marvel Comics. KISS' winning streak continued with ALIVE II - a new live set featuring five new studio tracks, which was released in October of '77 and became another million-seller. It seemed that KISS could do no wrong, and the sky was the limit as they rocketed forward into 1978.

There was just one small problem... the band was beginning to rot from the inside. As KISS got bigger, inter-personal relationships between the four members were getting progressively worse. Where once the quartet's motto had been "All for one, one for all," their massive success had seemingly given each member a new philosophy: "What's in it for me?"

KISS Army merchandise form advertising the Marvel Super Special comic
KISS Army merchandise form advertising the Marvel Super Special comic | Source

Cracks begin to appear...

Pinpointing the source of the internal friction naturally depended on which band member you talked to. It's not exactly a secret that drummer Peter Criss and guitarist Ace Frehley were the two major party animals in the band, and their increasing dependence on narcotics and alcohol was a constant source of irritation to the band's tee-totaling founders, Gene Simmons (bass) and Paul Stanley (guitar/vocals). Criss and Frehley, meanwhile, have often described Simmons and Stanley as tight-fisted dictators and control freaks who constantly forced them to toe the "company line" both musically and during interviews.

However the rift began, things apparently came to a head sometime during 1977, when both Frehley and Criss threatened to leave the band and start solo careers. Simmons and Stanley may not have liked Frehley or Criss very much at that point, but they were smart enough to realize that losing two key band members at the same time would be disastrous. Thus, KISS came up with an ambitious new plan for 1978: in order for the KISS members to get a much-needed break from one another, all four of them would cut their own solo albums, which would then be released on the same day (backed by a typically massive marketing campaign, of course) with a common cover design scheme to unify them. All of this hype would provide the perfect lead in to the band's movie debut, KISS Meets the Phantom of the Park, which was being prepared for NBC-TV as a Halloween special.

in 1977, you could get a KISS tour book for $3.00, a shirt for $6.00 or a belt buckle for $5.00. What a deal!
in 1977, you could get a KISS tour book for $3.00, a shirt for $6.00 or a belt buckle for $5.00. What a deal! | Source

Cranking up the Hype Machine

To keep KISS' place warm on music-store racks, Casablanca Records rush-released the Double Platinum 2-LP greatest-hits set, which contained one new track - a dance remix of the debut album's "Strutter," re-titled "Strutter '78." It raced up the charts and kept the faithful KISS Army occupied while the band members each slaved away in separate recording studios, working on their solo debuts.

On September 18, 1978, the veil of secrecy was lifted. Casablanca Records shipped 1.25 million copies of each member's solo album to music stores across America, so that they all instantly qualified for "Platinum" status. So how do the four solo albums stack up, nearly forty (!) years after they were released?

The Great: Ace Frehley

Peak on U.S. Billboard chart: #26

Two words: ACE RULES. I wonder if anyone predicted in 1978 that KISS' good natured but shy six stringer would wind up producing the only truly classic album out of the solo four pack? I bet listeners were saying "Damn! I knew Ace was good, but I didn't know he was THIS good!" From the moment the needle drops on the barn burning opener "Rip It Out," Ace is off and running and he doesn't let up until the final fade out of the closing instrumental "Fractured Mirror." Gene & Paul should've let him out from under their thumbs earlier! While the songs on their solo albums are little more than distant memories to all but the most diehard KISS fans, people are still air-guitaring to Ace's album to this day. If you can only own one KISS solo album, make sure it's this one.

Ace Frehley - "Rip It Out"

The Good: Paul Stanley

Peak on U.S. Billboard Chart: #40

Just like Ace, Paul Stanley knew that his strength was in straight forward, guitar-driven rock n' roll, so even as a solo artist he didn't stray very far from the formula that made KISS so successful. "Tonight You Belong To Me" and "Move On" start the album off with a nice one-two punch, but the album crashes into a wall when he starts tripping through the 70s pop daisies on tracks like the godawful, disco-infused "Hold Me, Touch Me" (the album's single) or the overbaked ballad "Together as One." It's not quite as good as Ace's album due to the inclusion of the aforementioned clunkers but Paul Stanley isn't as bad as you've been led to believe, either.

Paul Stanley - "Tonight You Belong To Me"

The "Meh": Gene Simmons

Peak on U.S. Billboard chart: #22

I have a feeling that Mean Gene's reputation as "The Demon" may have set fans' expectations a bit too high for his solo album. The KISS Army was waiting for a down-n-dirty, rumbling metal monster, but Gene's album is a decidedly mixed bag of KISS style hard rock ("Radioactive"), Beatle-esque acoustic noodling ("Mr. Make Believe" and "See You Tonight") and a few utterly "what-the-f**k?" moments like the cringe-worthy album-closing cover of the Disney chestnut "When You Wish Upon A Star," all of which are overproduced as hell and dripping with unnecessary strings, choirs and other studio trickery.. Gene Simmons makes it clear that The Demon had already "gone Hollywood" by '78, as evidenced by the many pointless guest appearances by celebrities like Gene's then-girlfriend Cher, '70s pop star Helen Reddy (!) and Casablanca Records stablemate Donna Summer. Fun fact: a then-unknown Kate Sagal, later of "Married With Children" and "Sons of Anarchy" fame, appears on Gene's album as a backup vocalist!

Gene Simmons - "Radioactive"

The Runt of the Litter: Peter Criss

Peak on U.S. Billboard Chart: #43

Peter will readily admit that musically, he was the "odd man out" in KISS. He was born a few years earlier than his band mates, so while they were growing up on a steady hard rockin' diet of Led Zeppelin, the Who, and the Beatles, Peter came of age in the late 50s/early '60s listening to lots of swing/jazz music and the soul, doo-wop and girl groups of rock n' roll's formative years. Therefore, it makes sense that his solo album is a smooth, retro flavored pop-rock record with a dance-able edge. Even though Peter's album is by far the weakest of the four solos, it actually feels like the most honest. I have to give Peter credit for thinking he would be able to sell schmaltzy Dad-Rock like "You Matter To Me" or "That's the Kind of Sugar Papa Likes" to KISS' hard-rock audience (most of whom, of course, promptly stamped it "RETURN TO SENDER"). The reverent cover of the oldie "Tossin' and Turnin'" and the earnest ballad "Easy Thing" are the major highlights here, showcasing Criss' smoky singing voice at its best, but overall the album is dragged down by its near-total lack of strong material. If you took the best songs off of Peter's and Gene's solo albums and put them together, you might have enough tracks for a decent EP.

Peter Criss - "You Matter to Me"

The Aftermath...

The response to the four solo albums was lukewarm at best. Casablanca Records had banked on every loyal member of the KISS Army snapping up all four albums, which would've totaled an easy five million in U.S. sales - but it didn't quite work out that way. As sales reports and reviews started rolling in, it became clear that most KISS fans were playing favorites and buying only the album(s) from the band member(s) they "liked" best. The most successful album turned out to be Frehley's, which produced the only true "hit" single of the four with its bouncy cover of "New York Groove" by the British band Hello ( #13 on the Billboard Hot 100). The singles from Paul ("Hold Me, Touch Me"), Gene ("Radioactive") and Peter ("Don't You Let Me Down" and "You Matter To Me") didn't even crack the top 40 - which probably worsened the rivalries that were already brewing between the foursome.

When the smoke cleared, combined U.S. sales for the four solo albums totaled about a million and a half copies -- in other words, roughly the same amount that a single, "regular" KISS studio album would have sold. Record-store bargain bins were soon overflowing with copies and retailer returns overwhelmed Casablanca with a flood of unsold vinyl.

Casablanca had rolled the dice hoping to turn each KISS member into an individual superstar, but they'd come up snake eyes -- and the backlash was just beginning. When KISS Meets the Phantom of the Park premiered on NBC about six weeks after the release of the solo albums, it scored huge ratings but the cheap, cheesy made-for-TV film was denounced by the band's diehard fans as "kid stuff." The bloom was off the rose, and there was nowhere to go but downhill from here.

Stung by the reception to the solo efforts and embarrassed by their cartoonish B-Movie, KISS regrouped in 1979 and began to prep for their next studio album, Dynasty, but things were never quite the same for the original lineup. Peter was out of the band by 1980 and Ace would follow him out the door by 1982. Simmons and Stanley have kept the KISS machine rolling to this day with a rotating cast of replacement players and an ultimately-doomed reunion with Criss and Frehley during the 90s.

In retrospect, 1978's solo album debacle was KISS' "jump the shark" moment - where they learned that even their fanatical fan base had its limits.

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Questions & Answers

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        Armpit Studios 10 days ago

        C'mon, some of the tracks on Gene's album are great! "Living in Sin" with Cher as excitable groupie? That's a truly great rock song. Being a drummer, the first one I bought was Peter's, hoping for 2 sides of drum solos. I was sad, but still forced myself to like it. I still have an Ace picture disc (which sadly played like crap with lots of pock marks and divots in the clear vinyl).

      • FatFreddysCat profile image
        Author

        Keith Abt 5 weeks ago from The Garden State

        Hi Rich, wow! I will have to give your playlist a try.

        ...but geez, you couldn't even give poor Peter one song? Give the poor guy a break! (Haha)

      • profile image

        Rich Hall 5 weeks ago

        Hello. I've been obsessed with the four Kiss solo records for about the last four months or so. My entire life, I have discounted them and only heard all the filler. Recently, I decided to put it all into a playlist and start deleting all the garbage. I've assembled what I believe could have been an excellent 1978 "couldabeen" type collection that I feel would have continued the massive success of the previous albums. I basically rotate between Paul, then Ace, then Gene. As this is a "best of," there is no Peter lol. I also include some of the Alive II studio tracks, as they could've (in my mind at least) held onto those and used other live material to fill out Alive II. Here's the list:

        Tonight you belong to me

        Rip it out

        Larger than life

        It's alright

        Rocket Ride

        Rockin' in the USA

        Wouldn't you like to know me

        Speedin' back to my baby

        See you tonight

        Love in chains

        Snow blind

        Man of 1000 faces

        Take me away

        Ozone

        Mr. make believe

        All american man

        Goodbye

        Something that surprised me was that I always had liked Ace's album best, but on this collection I ended up with more Paul Stanley. I know that in your article, you mention your dislike for some of the Gene tracks, but I actually find they provide a nice change of pace in this playlist. You might have also noticed that I didn't include the singles. In my mind, those could've been 45's only, or something similar. I just don't think they fit on here. Give this playlist a try. I've really started to like it. This could've been their double album answer to Physical Graffiti.

      • FatFreddysCat profile image
        Author

        Keith Abt 21 months ago from The Garden State

        Updated

      • annasmom profile image

        annasmom 2 years ago

        Ace's new album is available on Youtube right now. It is really, really good! I don't have have a favorite cut yet...but I really like his cover of Street Fighting Man.

      • FatFreddysCat profile image
        Author

        Keith Abt 2 years ago from The Garden State

        Hi MsStarchild - I haven't heard Ace's newest album yet but I did see the "Fire and Water" video and I was impressed. Paul's voice is still holding up pretty well and it was cool to see him and Ace jamming together again.

      • MsStarchild profile image

        MsStarchild 2 years ago from SE U.S.

        Good review Kieth. I'm admittedly a Paul girl, but I always ranked Ace's and Paul's solo efforts as equally good. I enjoyed "Fire and Water" when I heard it recently. What did you think of it?

      • annasmom profile image

        annasmom 2 years ago

        FFC, Did you watch the new video of Frehley and Stanley? What do you think?

      • FatFreddysCat profile image
        Author

        Keith Abt 2 years ago from The Garden State

        In Peter's book he says that after his first audition with KISS, he called his Mom and told her "It's not really my kind of music, Ma, but I think we can be a hell of a rock 'n roll band!"

      • annasmom profile image

        annasmom 2 years ago

        Lol! ^Calvin, I think Criss' taste in music just was a poor fit for the then current KISS audience. He really had a vintage taste in music...and yeah, it's good.

      • profile image

        Calvin Richards 2 years ago

        Help! I think I'm getting old and senile - after years of detesting the "Peter Criss" record, I recently found myself voluntarily playing it AND enjoying it! What's happening to me? Is there a program I should attending in a church basement?

      • FatFreddysCat profile image
        Author

        Keith Abt 2 years ago from The Garden State

        Hi annasmom - I met Ace Frehley once in the early 90s -- unfortunately it wasn't a very good experience, but I'm still a fan and I still dig his tunes. Thanks for stopping by

      • annasmom profile image

        annasmom 2 years ago

        Loved this review. I am a long-time KISS fan. I had all the albums back in the day and saw them live for the first time in '79. So nice, I just think it is so nice to hear compliments about Frehley, he is underrated and just an all around nice guy and great axe man. Fun to read about these guys. I listened to some of Paul Stanley's audio book and was horrified at his never-ending diatribe of sour grapes. Criss and Frehley took the rap for Stanley's ego for too long.

      • profile image

        Leo 2 years ago

        Great article and exactly my rank! First clue that Ace was the dude was Rocket Ride. Cheers from Brazil

      • FatFreddysCat profile image
        Author

        Keith Abt 2 years ago from The Garden State

        Hello Pavel - thanks for stopping by!

        Ace's album is still the only really essential one of the four, but naturally since I'm a diehard KISS nerd I had to have them all. :)

      • Pavel Reyes profile image

        Pavel Reyes 2 years ago

        Nice theme to read about Keith. I´ve never had the chance to listen to any of these KISS solo albums, though of course I knew they existed. Is good to know I´m not missing much. Anyway, from your opinion I ended up curious about the Ace Frehley´s solo effort and I´ll try to find that out in order to give it a listen. Once more thanks! Always a pleaseure to read your articles!

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