GCSE Music Analysis - Frédéric Chopin - Raindrop Prelude

Raindrop Prelude General Points

- Raindrop Prelude is one in a collection of 24 preludes, one of each in the 12 Major and 12 Minor keys.
- Composed in 1839.
- Light repeated quavers heard throughout sound like raindrops, hence 'raindrop prelude'.

Key Features Of The Romantic Period

- Music is more expressive and emotive.
- Rich chromatic harmonies and lots of dissonance.
- Modulation between keys.
- Pieces of music are much longer.

Instrumentation And Dynamics

- Written for piano.
- Uses the middle and lower range of the piano.
- This work is not virtuosic and the focus is on the legato tone.
- There is a wide range of dynamics (pp-ff).
- Lots of crescendos and diminuendos so there are no sudden contrasts or changes in dynamics.

Frédéric Chopin.
Frédéric Chopin.


Section A: Db Major quavers in the left hand and the melody in the right hand.
Section B: C# Minor quavers in the right hand and melody in the left hand.
Section A: Db Major but this time finishes with a brief coda.
- The piece is written in turnary form (ABA)


- Time signature is 4/4 throughout.
- Use of septuplet in bars 4 and 23.
- Rubato is used in the recording, this means that it is played at a flexible tempo for added expressive effect.
- Repeated quavers are a unifying rhythmic feature throughout this piece.

Melody And Texture

- Lyrical!
- Decorated with ornaments e.g. acciaccatura in bar 4 and a turn in bar 11.
- In section B the melody is in the bassline with a narrower range and longer notes.
- Homophonic texture (apart from 2 bars at the end which are monophonic).

Tonality And Harmony

- Db Major.
- Diatonic harmonies with the occasional chromaticism.
- Modulates to the enharmonic tonic minor.
- Sections A and B both end in imperfect cadences but the whole prelude ends in a perfect cadence.
- Dominant pedal can be heard throughout most of the piece.

More by this Author

Comments 28 comments

Student 4 years ago

Really helpful, will definitely use this information in the exam!


Anthropophobia profile image

Anthropophobia 4 years ago Author

Thank you, I'm glad you found it useful.

Good luck in the exam!

Anonymous (well more or less) 4 years ago

Thankyou so much for the info on all the edexcel pieces, they've been a brilliant substitute for our "absent" teacher

Anthropophobia profile image

Anthropophobia 4 years ago Author

No problem! All the best in the exam tomorrow! :)

MitsukiManga 3 years ago

Thank you for the help! Wouldn't have been able to do my music essay without these good points :)

Anthropophobia profile image

Anthropophobia 3 years ago Author

Great that I could help you! Best of luck with your essay. :)

Patrick 3 years ago

Really fantastic notes my friend! These have really helped in my revision!

Anthropophobia profile image

Anthropophobia 3 years ago Author

Thank you! Good luck with the revision!

woody 3 years ago

i have an exam on this oops i don't get this 1 bit

Harrison 3 years ago

Thanks for this, it has really helped me throughout my revision! Again thanks Anthropophobia, I owe you one.

Josh 3 years ago

aah the fun thing is that at first it seems like a massive job just to remember some of this stuff but now you look at it in this form and well i think its soo easy, thanks

Lucie 3 years ago

Tis has helped me so much for my exam tomorrow. thanks :D the textbook makes it seem so much more complicated. Cheers for this

Anthropophobia profile image

Anthropophobia 3 years ago Author

No problem, good luck to all of you with your exam tomorrow!

anonymous 2 years ago

Under 'Instruments and Dynamics' you've put that this piece is not virtuosic but it actually is because it demands immense technical skill?

anonymous 2 years ago

of course it isn't a virtuoso performance, it's grade 6 at it's best, she is right to say that it isn't.

ben 2 years ago

i can tell you don't actually know what you are talking about, and i'm a mere student

just somebody 2 years ago

this page is really helpful, thanks!

zaman 2 years ago

this really helped- but could you please make the analysis more specific like harmony being separate from tonality and analyse them in more depth?

Anastasia Bunce 2 years ago

so useful thanks so much!

Dominic Reynolds 2 years ago

thanks so much...exam on monday!

King Posen profile image

King Posen 2 years ago

Thanks. Exam in 30 minutes

Toby 2 years ago

You should also remember it is in ternary form, but otherwise really insightful.

that random guy 2 years ago

no worries

anonymous 23 months ago

omg this is great!! im defo using it for exams

us 21 months ago


Geek 17 months ago



RaphGeld 8 months ago

Thanks so much, music essay is now finished!

Niamh 2 weeks ago

haha, sick

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article