Skip to main content

Folk and Traditional Songs About the Moon: Facts and Music

Linda Crampton has loved music since childhood. She plays the piano and recorder, sings, and listens to classical, folk, and early music.

The moon as photographed from the Galileo spacecraft; photograph enhanced by the near-infrared capabilities of the camera

The moon as photographed from the Galileo spacecraft; photograph enhanced by the near-infrared capabilities of the camera

A Natural Satellite and a Symbol

The moon is the Earth's only permanent natural satellite, but for many people it means far more than this. Its changing yet familiar appearance as it orbits the planet and its often lustrous beauty make it an old and valued friend. This friend must be appreciated from a distance and on its own terms, however. The moon is often visible but is forever out of reach for the vast majority of us.

The moon is of interest to many people today and was to those in the past as well. It's not surprising that it's frequently referred to in songs. Despite the fact that scientists have studied it for some time, it's still somewhat mysterious. For some people, symbolic, spiritual, or magical beliefs associated with the moon are important. The folk and traditional songs about Earth’s satellite often express these beliefs.

Folk songs discuss the interests of the "common" people, a group that includes most of us. People in different countries and cultures have written songs about the moon and its meaning to them. I've included a selection of the songs in this article.

The Rising of the Moon

"The Rising of the Moon" is a traditional song about a 1798 Irish rebellion against the British army. The lyrics of the song and its lively rhythm suggest determination and optimism. When the moon rises, the "pikes must be together" to prepare for the battle. A pike is a weapon that resembles a long pole with a pointed or spear-like tip. The bearers of the pike were called pikemen. Unfortunately for the pikemen who participated in the rebellion, their opponents had muskets, which were long guns fired from the shoulder.

The phrase "the rising of the moon" is repeated many times in the song, almost like an incantation. The historical battle was lost, but the song doesn't mention this. It was meant to rally patriotic feelings for Ireland and its struggles. In fact, the last two lines say "And hurrah, me boys for freedom|'Tis the rising of the moon" as though the defeat had never happened.

The music of the song is the same tune used for "The Wearing of the Green" and was published in 1866. The tune may be older than this, however. The lyrics were written by John Keegan Casey (1846-1870), who was part of the Fenian movement. This group was dedicated to the establishment of an independent republic in Ireland.

Murmurs rang along the valley

Like the banshee's lonely croon

And a thousand pikes were flashing

At the rising of the moon

— John Keegan Casey

The group performing the song above is called Na Casaidigh (The Cassidys). The group sang traditional songs in the Irish language. They no longer perform, however.

The Moon Is Shining

The moon sets the scene in this cheerful Russian song about love. The moon is shining as the night begins and the singer's surroundings are lit by moonlight. The singer discovers that the natural light illuminates the entire route to Sasha's house.

When he reaches the house, the singer and Sasha communicate through an open window. They engage in apparently friendly banter about marriage. I say "apparently" because I had to interpret the lyrics that I obtained from a Russian Cyrillic to English translation program. The translation was useful but didn't make complete sense. It seems that Sasha is not yet ready to marry the singer, however.

The song is said to be popular in Russia. In North America, it appears to be more popular as an instrumental piece than a vocal one. The piece has a rapid pace that requires vigorous pizzicato or strumming from the string instruments. It's played by both orchestras and traditional Russian instrument ensembles.

The version below is played by the Russian String Orchestra (formerly known as Chamber Orchestra Kremlin), which often visits the United States. The orchestra's founder and musical director is Misha Rachlevsky.

Scroll to Continue

Read More From Spinditty

The Full English

The Full English is the name of a band. The musical group is part of a project called The Full English Digital Archive, which is run by the English Folk Dance and Song Society. The abbreviated term "The Full English" is sometimes used to refer to the archive, so the term refers to two things—a band and a database. People involved in the project have created a searchable database of some important historical folk song collections in England. As a result, an investigator can easily explore music, lyrics, dances, and customs of earlier times.

The video below shows The Full English band performing an enjoyable song about the man in the moon. Many cultures have stories about this imaginary being and his significance. The dark and light patches of the moon's surface that can be seen in certain lighting conditions can sometimes resemble a person or another object. I remember an incident from my early childhood when I described the heterogenous appearance of the moon that I had just seen to my family. My parents explained what I was seeing. The dark areas are actually the lowlands of the moon and are made predominately of basalt. The light areas are the highlands.

Man in the Moon

According to Mainly Norfolk (an informative website for lovers of folk songs), "Man in the Moon" was first published around 1858 to 1861 in London. Like other old songs, it may have been created at an earlier time. It was published in a book called Everybody's Song Book; or, The Saloon Visitor's Companion, Being a Choice Collection of New and Favourite Songs. The name of the composer or lyricist weren't stated in the publication.

Apart from the first verse, the whole song is about the man in the moon. It's set in a drinking establishment of some kind. In the introduction, the singer says that it's vexing to rise in order to sing a song and find that your glass is empty. He also says it's "equally unpleasant" to be asked to sing when you have no song in mind. Then he decides that he'll sing about the man in the moon.

"The Man in the Moon a new light on us throws;
He's a man we all talk of but nobody knows;
And though a high subject, I'm getting in tune—
I'll just have a turn at the Man in the Moon."

A longer version of the song than is currently sung is published in the Alfred Williams Manuscript Collection, which is undated. Both versions have some witty lines about the man in the moon.

But he's used to high life, for each all circles agree,

That none move in such a high circle as he,

And though nobles go up in their royal balloon,

They're not introduced to the Man in the Moon.

— Main in the Moon lyrics from Mainly Norfolk

You Are the Moon, I'm Your Bright Star

"You Are the Moon, I'm Your Bright Star" is a Ukrainian love song in which a woman (the star) sings to the man she loves (the moon). The rendition above is a modern version sung by Tetiana Lubimenko, also known as Tanya Lubimenko and as Milana. She's a member of a group called Origen, which produces new age classical-crossover music. Unfortunately, I haven't discovered the lyrics of the song or learned about its history. I've included the song in this article because I think it's a lovely piece that is worth listening to.

The song is classified as a folk song and can be heard in a more traditional version in the video below, where it's called "Oh, You Are The Moon, I'm a Bright Star." The singers belong to the Mutyn Village Women Folk Choir. The group consists of older women who are aged sixty to over eighty. The women are amateur singers but are very interested in the folk songs of their region and want to preserve them. They sing the songs in the traditional manner of their community. The only information that I could find about the choir was quite old, as are their videos. I hope the group still exists.

Pierrot, Harlequin, and Columbine

"Au Clair de la Lune" (In the Moonlight) is a traditional French folk song that is often sung as a lullaby for babies or taught as an easy instrumental piece for students to play. The characters in at least some versions of the song's story are familiar ones involved in commedia dell'arte. This was a form of theatre that arose in Italy in the sixteenth century and spread through Europe.

A commedia dell'arte theatre troupe often travelled from place to place to give performances and contained some popular stock characters. Pierrot was a clown who dressed in white and had white makeup on his face. Harlequin was a man who wore a colourful checkered or patched costume. He was in love with Columbine, a clever servant or maid.

"All Clair de la Lune" appears to date from the eighteenth century. Both the French and the English lyrics vary slightly. All of the ones that I've seen name Pierrot as the man that is visited by a neighbour who wants to borrow a pen, as described in the plot summary below. In some versions of the lyrics, the visitor is named Harlequin. In others, he's named Lubin. The woman in the story never seems to be named, but she's often assumed to be Columbine.

The singers in the video above were both popular in France at one time. André Claveau died in 2003. Mathé Altéry is a soprano who was most active in the 1950s and 1960s.

The Story of Au Clair de la Lune

The events in the story take place in the light of the moon. In the first verse, a man knocks on the door of Pierrot's house to ask for a pen. He says that he can't write without a pen and he can't see either because his candle is dead.

In the second verse, Pierrot says that he's in bed and has no pens but suggests that his visitor goes to a neighbour's house with his request. Pierrot knows that the neighbour is awake because he can see a light in her window. In the third verse, the visitor knocks on the "brunette's" door.

At the start of the last verse, the man and woman can be seen through the open door as they look for a pen and a candle in the woman's home. The song ends with the lines "I don't know what they found but I know the door closed on them."

The composer of "Au Clair de la Lune" is unknown. It's interesting and often thought-provoking to discover how he or she and other composers have incorporated the moon into their songs. The satellite's multiple symbolic meanings in our lives have been put to good use in folk music.

References and Resources

© 2019 Linda Crampton


Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 14, 2020:

Hi, Peggy. The moon is an interesting and inspiring object. I enjoy exploring the music associated with it.

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on April 14, 2020:

"By the Light of the Silvery Moon" came to mind. I am listening to that last song you inserted and it is so lovely. The moon has always had an allure for people.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 18, 2019:

Hi, Peg. Thanks for the visit and the comment. I think the moon provides great inspiration for songs.

Peg Cole from North Dallas, Texas on July 18, 2019:

Who knew there were so many songs about the moon? Well, you, of course! I liked the one by The Cassidys. It had a good rhythm and was actually kind of catchy. Also, thanks for sharing so many interesting facts about the moon.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 07, 2019:

Thanks, Li-Jen. I appreciate your visit.

Li-Jen Hew on April 07, 2019:

Hey Linda, interesting article about songs associated with the Moon. It's nice to know about the stories and most of them are romantic. The moon shines brighter now. Thanks for sharing.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 11, 2019:

Hi, Nithya. I love your idea that the moon has found its place in our hearts. That’s so true. Thank you for the comment.

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on March 11, 2019:

The moon has found its place in our hearts and has been an inspiration for many songs. I enjoyed reading about these songs, I specially like The Story of Au Clair de la Lune. Thank you for sharing.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 23, 2019:

Thanks for the comment, Adrienne. I took photos of the super moon, too, but as in your case my camera didn’t do it justice. I’m still glad that I have the photos, though.

Adrienne Farricelli on February 23, 2019:

I love looking at the moon. It just gives me a wonderful calming effect. We had a super moon the other day and it was very pretty. Too bad that it's so difficult taking good pictures of the moon. My camera just doesn't do it justice. I look forward one day to having a good camera that could show its real beauty. Not surprised the moon has inspired so many singers and poets. Great article as always.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 19, 2019:

I like looking at moon photos, too, especially ones at high magnification. Thanks for the visit, Devika.

DDE on February 18, 2019:

I like moon photos. A few of these songs are familiar to me.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 12, 2019:

Thanks for returning, Mel. I like that line, too. It produces an interesting image in the mind.

Mel Carriere from Snowbound and down in Northern Colorado on February 12, 2019:

Most of my comment got erased. I really love that line about a thousand pikes gleaming in the moonlight. Sorry about the error. I don't like to leave generic comments like that.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 12, 2019:

Thank you, Mel.

Mel Carriere from Snowbound and down in Northern Colorado on February 12, 2019:

Great work.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 11, 2019:

Hi, Bede. I admire the effort of the Ukrainian women. I hope they’re successful in preserving their traditional songs and that the younger generation follows their example. Thanks for the visit.

Bede from Minnesota on February 11, 2019:

I’ve often been comforted by the sight of the moon, so I also regard it as a friend. I like best the Ukrainian babushkas; my heart goes to them for preserving their traditions with such gusto.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 10, 2019:

I appreciate your comment very much, Nishika.

Nishika Chhabra from India on February 10, 2019:

Very interesting article Alicia ma'am. I loved reading it.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 08, 2019:

Thanks, Flourish. It’s interesting to explore the background of folk songs.

FlourishAnyway from USA on February 08, 2019:

I’ve never heard these songs but enjoyed the background stories. Thank you for sharing!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

Thank you for the visit and the comment, Dora. I wanted to leave readers to form their own opinions, but I agree with your comment about the Au Clair de la Lune story. I think it’s still an enjoyable song, though.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on February 07, 2019:

Thanks for sharing this interesting list of songs. As children, we heard a few songs and stories about the moon and the man in it. The Story of Au Clair de la Lune with its suggestive narrative may be my favorite here.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

Thank you very much for such a kind comment, Audrey. It’s lovely to hear from other moon lovers!

Audrey Hunt from Pahrump NV on February 07, 2019:

I am a moon lover! Even after spending a lifetime of evenings gazing at the moon, I still find it more fascinating than ever. I want to thank you for this outstanding hub. Each video caught my attention with its educational flare and entertaining spirit.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

Thanks for commenting and for sharing the information, Liz. I think the interest in the moon will continue for a long time to come.

Liz Westwood from UK on February 07, 2019:

Reading through the background to these folk songs is interesting. Man's fascination with the moon is enduring. The man in the moon idea was turned into a Christmas advertising campaign by one leading retail brand in the UK.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

I enjoy looking at the moon too, Nell. It always attracts my attention when it's visible. Thank you for the comment.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

Thank you very much, Heidi. I hope you have a great day as well.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

I appreciate your comment, Pamela. People's appreciation for the moon has created some interesting music.

Nell Rose from England on February 07, 2019:

I loved this, The voice of the Ukraine singer was awesome too. I am a moon person, I tend to sit at my window at night a just look at it. loved the folk music too!

Heidi Thorne from Chicago Area on February 07, 2019:

Very interesting, as always! It's not surprising that are lots of folks songs about the moon. It's so visible and it was such a focus for so many cultures, especially ancient ones. Have a great day!

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on February 07, 2019:

It was interesting to listen to the various types of songs about the moon. I like all the information you include about each group and the song.

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

Thank you for the visit, Bill. I appreciate your comment.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on February 07, 2019:

Unlike many articles which simply regurgitate common knowledge, I always learn something new from your articles. Thank you for that!

Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2019:

Hi, Bill. Thanks for the comment. I find the moon fascinating, too. It has some interesting features.

Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on February 07, 2019:

Hi Linda. I wasn’t familiar with these folk songs but found them very interesting. I’ve always had a fascination with the moon. Thank you for the education and for sharing these with us.

Related Articles